Appendicitis can be reliably confirmed or excluded in paediatric patients using graded compression ultrasound. A transverse diameter > 6 mm is usually diagnostic in a non-compressible appendix.
Causes of Small Bowel Obstruction in a Child
List of the common causes of SBO in children.
Cystic Abdominal Masses in a Neonate
List of causes of cystic abdominal masses in infants.
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
These images show a normal pediatric hip and varying grades of the coronal flexion view at approximately 6 weeks of age.
Fibromatosis colli is the most common cause of a neck lump in a neonate and is readily demonstrable on ultrasound.
Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis
An acquired disease of early infancy, typically presenting at week 6 with non-bilious projectile vomiting +/- epigastric mass. US is the diagnostic test of choice. Idiopathic, due to overgrowth of the muscularis layer of the pyloric canal, which leads to g...
Intraventicular haemorrhage (IVH)
Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is the most common pathology seen in the premature infant (less than 32 weeks). These are also referred to as germinal matrix haemmorhages. IVH has an occurence of 40% in premature infants weighing less than 1500g or less th...
Surgical emergency in children where the bowel telescopically 'swallows' itself. Ultrasound has 98-100% sensitivity and 88-100% specificity, even with inexperienced operators. Majority are primary, with no lead point. 5% are secondary to a lead point. In...
More commonly seen in the premature infant. It is often related to asphyxia and trauma. This may also be related to communicating hydrocephalus
Unlike subarachnoid collections, these are more common in the full term infant.
© 2004 Australasian Society for Ultrasound in Medicine